He appointed inspectors over all the people, and he ordered the cities of Judah to offer sacrifices, each city in turn. Men told him 1 maccabees their wars and of the brave deeds which they were doing among the Gauls, how they had defeated them and forced them to pay tribute,  and what they had done in the land of Spain to get control of the silver and gold mines there,  and how they had gained control of the whole region by their planning and patience, even though the place was far distant from them.
The Ptolemies, based in Egypt, controlled Judea until B. The First Book of Maccabees also gives a list of Jewish colonies scattered elsewhere through the Mediterranean at the time.
They also built altars in the surrounding towns of Judah, 55 and offered incense at the doors of the houses and in the streets.
The other Jews then reason that, when attacked, they must fight even on the holy day. Even though greatly outnumbered, Judas and his rebels defeated general after general in battle, winning decisive victories against overwhelming odds. Though the original book was written in Hebrewas can be deduced by a number of Hebrew idioms in the text,[ citation needed ] the original has been lost and the version which comes down to us is the Septuagint.
Early in the morning they marched to the plain of Hazor,  and behold, the army of the foreigners met him in the plain; they had set an ambush against him in the mountains, but they themselves met him face to face. Ptolemy marched out and met him with a strong force, and put him to flight.
He authorized them to observe the ordinances of the Gentiles. Many were wounded and fell, and the rest fled to the mountain; and they took all their goods. Where shall we take them?
While enforcement may be targeting only Jewish leaders, ordinary Jews were also killed as a warning to others. Antiochus IV seized the throne in September, B. He dealt them a heavy blow and humbled them and despoiled them.
Form[ edit ] The narrative is primarily prose text, but is interrupted by seven poetic sections, which imitate classical Hebrew poetry.
He had previously become king of Greece. Then he passed through the city over the slain.
So he fled and in great grief departed from there to return to Babylon. Let us rather save our own lives now, and let us come back with our brethren and fight them; we are too few.
All the Gentiles conformed to the command of the king, 43and many Israelites delighted in his religion; they sacrificed to idols and profaned the sabbath. He refused with a powerful speech see 1 Maccabees 2: All the Gentiles were defeated before him, and they threw away their arms and fled into the sacred precincts at Carnaim.
Gustaf Dalmanmeanwhile, suggests that the title is a corruption of the Aramaic "The Book of the House of the Hasmoneans". Retrieved 12 October He had previously become king of Greece.
Dates are given in this book according to the beginning of the Seleucid era, which however was reckoned in two different ways. But they fled to the stronghold of Dathema,  and sent to Judas and his brothers a letter which said, "The Gentiles around us have gathered together against us to destroy us.
Hellenization included the construction of gymnasiums in Jerusalem. The author concludes his narrative in 1 Maccabees with these events.
He took to his bed and became sick from grief, because things had not turned out for him as he had planned. No one will do you harm; we will simply pass by on foot. And all Israel mourned for him with great lamentation.1 Maccabees 1 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) Alexander the Great.
1 After Alexander son of Philip, the Macedonian, who came from the land of Kittim, had defeated  King Darius of the Persians and the Medes, he succeeded him as king.
(He had previously become king of Greece.) 2 He fought many battles, conquered strongholds. Maccabees - Wikipedia. 1 Alexander of Macedon son of Philip had come from the land of Kittim and defeated Darius king of the Persians and Medes, whom he succeeded as ruler, at first of Hellas.
2 He undertook many.
22 And the table of the shewbread, and the pouring vessels, and the vials. and the censers of gold, and the veil, and the crown, and the golden ornaments that were before the temple, all which he pulled off. CHAPTER 1. From Alexander to Antiochus. 1 a After Alexander the Macedonian, Philip’s son, who came from the land of Kittim, * had defeated Darius, king of the Persians and Medes, he became king in his place, having first ruled in Greece.
2 He fought many battles, captured fortresses, and put the kings of the earth to death. 3 He advanced to.
Question: "What are the books of 1 and 2 Maccabees?" Answer: The books of 1 and 2 Maccabees are early Jewish writings detailing the history of the Jews in the first century BC.
Both books are part of the canon of Scripture in the Greek Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Coptic, and Russian Orthodox churches.Download