An introduction to the history of the classical period

The next hundred years would find composers either embracing whole-heartedly the ideals of Romanticism, or in some way reacting against them. In the next chapterwe will see exactly this problem in assessing "theatre" in ancient Egypt, where there is no word exactly equivalent to our word "theatre," but there do appear to have been "theatrical" institutions, e.

If you need a refresher on the Baroque period, you can read more in our previous article here. The first, "romantic music", is commonly used to indicate any kind of music which supposedly expresses or encourages intimate personal attraction, attachment, or "love".

The word "history" has several connotations in English. For example, Beethoven favored a smooth transition from the 3rd to 4th movement in his symphonies, and thus his pieces are more distinguishable.

As epiphets, they "forecast" the past, trying to make the events of history look logical or inevitable from what preceded them. For every single thing, whether it be an object or an action, is subject to a law in it During this decade Mozart composed his most famous operas, his six late symphonies that helped to redefine the genre, and a string of piano concerti that still stand at the pinnacle of these forms.

As such, it is best to begin any exploration of classical drama by examining the nature of history and theatre, how they are defined, and the methodologies most profitably employed to gain a better understanding of both. That may seem to place history at some remove from fact, which it can be and, in fact, sometimes is, though it does not have to be necessarily.

Haydn took existing ideas, and radically altered how they functioned—earning him the titles "father of the symphony " and "father of the string quartet ".

In that light, historians are not so much scientists, detectives or even lawyers, but prophets, though prophets who operate in reverse. Classical era musicians continued to use many of instruments from the Baroque era, such as the cello, contrabass, recorder, trombone, timpani, fortepiano the precursor to the modern piano and organ.

Romantic[ edit ] Romantic music is a musicological term referring to a particular period, theory, compositional practice, and canon in European music history from about to For some, this marks the beginning of the "mature" Classical style, in which the period of reaction against late Baroque complexity yielded to a period of integration Baroque and Classical elements.

As well, in the Baroque era, many works that were designed for basso continuo accompaniment do not specify which instruments should play the accompaniment or exactly how the chordal instrument harpsichord, lute, etc.

Pericles also oversaw the construction of the temple at Hephaestos, the Odeion concert hall, and the temple of Poseidon at Attica. When we admit that the order historians impose on the past is the point of writing history, we can see that there is and must be a clear, coherent relationship between the established historical facts and the context into which a historian puts them.

Furthermore, while the symphony did not exist prior to the late 18th century, the symphony ensemble —and the works written for it —have become a defining feature of classical music. In defining the theatre half of "theatre history," there is just as much uncertainty, for theatre as a term is no less difficult to get a handle on than history.

Classical period (music)

Romanticism does not necessarily apply to romantic love, but that theme was prevalent in many works composed during this time period.

Mozart wanted to achieve both. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. This pressed the Classical style inwards: Perhaps, then, it is better to begin not with the rules but the game itself and look at what historians actually do and how they work.

Like hungry guests, a sitting audience looks: One major difference between Baroque music and the classical era that followed it is that the types of instruments used in Baroque ensembles were much less standardized. The quintessential example of this is E. That makes it all the more important for historians to be aware of their own biases and cultural predilections since these may distort the picture unduly.

Introduction to Classical Music/History

What underlies the work of all modern chemists, physicists, biologists and their fellow scientists is the formulation of testable hypotheses borne out through the replication of data. In Mozart, Haydn found a greater range of instrumentation, dramatic effect and melodic resource.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. It was a moment ripe for a breakthrough. All the same, even if people lie and stones do not, the human record of the pyramids still contains an invaluable, unique account of the emotional journey humankind took in remolding a hostile world.

There was not yet a clearly enunciated theory of how to compose in the new style. Hummel studied under Haydn as well; he was a friend to Beethoven and Franz Schubert. Euripides, in particular, is said to have been impatient with having to include a chorus in his plays and to have mocked the conventional inclusion of this singing, dancing crowd of passive onlookers who actually participate in the action only rarely.

But "spectators" is arguably a better term from Latin specto, "watch". Haydn portrait by Thomas HardyBy the late s there were flourishing centers of the new style in Italy, Vienna, Mannheim, and Paris; dozens of symphonies were composed and there were bands of players associated with musical theatres.

But if three facts can be cited in support of some assertion, we are acculturated to see this triad as transcending random error and mere coincidence and making the case. The next period in musical history therefore found composers attempting to balance the expressive and the formal in music with a variety of approaches which would have left composers of any previous age utterly bewildered.History of Classical Music Medieval (c - c) This is the first period where we can begin to be fairly certain as to how a great deal of the music which has survived actually sounded.

There are a few major time periods and styles in classical music, some of which overlap. Classical music is a broad term that usually refers to music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western liturgical and secular music, encompassing a broad period from roughly the 9th century to present.

Classical Greece

And like so many confusing things, it’s all the fault of history. When the term ‘classical music’ was invented, the two ‘classical’ things were the same. Classical music was music from the classical period—just like baroque music is music from the baroque period (see the Baroque page).

In fact, this is what some really serious.

Classical music

Contemporary classical music is the period that came into prominence in A wider array of percussion instruments began to appear. Brass instruments took on larger roles, as the introduction of rotary valves made it possible for them to play a wider range Stephen () Stephen Fry's Incomplete and Utter History of Classical Music.

Introduction to Literary Study; Islamic History and Literature; Introduction to the Classical Period. By this stage of her history, Athens was not only a democracy but an imperial power, head of the so-called Delian League of more than a hundred city-states, from whom she exacted tribute. The study of classical drama is a sub-field of theatre history which is, in turn, a branch of history.

As such, it is best to begin any exploration of classical drama by examining the nature of history and theatre, how they are defined, and the methodologies most profitably employed to gain a better understanding of both.

An introduction to the history of the classical period
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