Noble Dendrobiums prefer a degree difference between day and night temperatures. Orchidaceae is one of the largest and most diverse plant families 1 whose cultivation has been a primary focus of research due to its high commercial value 2 and increased risk for extinction.
Stem Cuttings For stem cuttings, you will need a waterproof tray about 3 inches deep.
Reduce watering in fall and winter; keep the potting medium barely moist. Divide the stem into several 3- to 4-inch sections, making sure each segment has a dormant bud.
Fill one 3- to 4-inch pot per orchid plantlet with fir bark potting mix to within an inch of the top of the container. In about three to four months, some of the cuttings may send up new plantlets from the nodes.
The sections will bloom the following spring after re-establishing themselves, and likely will produce stronger, more long-lasting flowers from more buds than before they were divided.
When it is fully self-sufficient, sever the keiki from its mother. Cutting Care Keep the rooting tray at a temperature of 75 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Layering Keikies A third technique for growing a Phalaenopsis keiki offset is a variation of layering, the practice of bending a plant to the ground to grow roots.
To layer a moth orchid, uncover and treat a node with keiki rooting hormone and bend its spike over until the keiki touches the sphagnum or bark compost in a pot.
Dip the blades of your cutting tool in rubbing alcohol between cuts to help prevent the spread of infection. Then cut its stem beneath the roots and plant it in a pot of fine orchid bark, keeping its roots near the surface.
Nodes on Phalaenopsis spikes will form either vegetative growth keiki or floral growth a branch with flower buds. Check for healthy whitish-grey roots, and trim off any dead, brown roots.
Avoid placing the plant near heating and air conditioning ducts.
A method of vegetative propagation of Phalaenopsis species and hybrids. Examine each section for insect pests, dead leaves and other undesirable elements.Auxin's capacity to regulate aspects of plant development has been well characterized in model plant systems.
In contrast, orchids have received considerably less attention, but the realization that many orchid species are endangered has led to culture-based propagation studies which have unveiled some functions for auxin in this system.
The moth orchid (Phalaenopsis), a favorite for beginners, is considered easy to grow.
Home orchid enthusiasts typically propagate it by transplanting one of its naturally occurring offsets or plantlets, also called keikies, that grow on.
How To Clone Orchids Using Keiki Paste. UK STOCK HERE - Keiki paste is a cytokinin hormone which induces growth in the node of a Phalaenopsis inflorescence. It should not be confused with paste or powder containing auxins, which are used to force the production of roots.
Essay about Propagation of Phalaenopnis Orchids with Cytokinin Paste Propagation of phalaenopsis orchids by keiki paste produces the exact clones of the parent plants.
Since Phalaenopsis orchids are monopodial plants, it’s impossible to do clump division or stem cuttings due to the structure of the plant.
Micropropagation of orchids: A review on the potential of different explants. Author links open overlay panel Samira Chugh Satyakam Guha I. Usha Rao. Show more. (conjugates of indole acetic acid and amino acids) have also been utilized in the in vitro propagation of Phalaenopsis orchids.
Propagate Your Lovely Phalaenopsis Orchids Propagate Your Lovely Phalaenopsis Orchids Phalaenopsis orchids, white or in shades of pink or yellow, are easy to propagate and grow. If you are very careful with the way you water and maintain your orchids in warm temperatures, your phalaenopsis, or moth-wing orchid, will reward .Download