Functional leadership model The neo-emergent leadership theory from the Oxford Strategic Leadership Programme sees leadership as created through the emergence of information by the leader or other stakeholders, not through the true actions of the leader himself.
Dead spies are there to transmit fake information to the enemy, and living spies return to the ruler to report on the enemy. Attribute pattern approach[ edit ] Considering the criticisms of the trait theory outlined above, several researchers have begun to adopt a different perspective of leader individual differences—the leader attribute pattern approach.
These included everything from the diplomatic to the psychological. Here we see differences in the timeframe. Fiedler found that task-oriented leaders are more effective in extremely favorable or unfavorable situations, whereas relationship-oriented leaders perform best in situations with intermediate favorability.
Each state was usually wholly independent of itself and had numerous enemies waiting for the perfect opportunity to strike. More essays like this: Additionally, many reinforcement techniques such as the use of praise are inexpensive, providing higher performance for lower costs.
An ideal style e. Focus on a small set of individual attributes such as "The Big Five" personality traits, to the neglect of cognitive abilities, motives, values, social skills, expertise, and problem-solving skills.
Initiating structure involves the actions of the leader focused specifically on task accomplishment. Building upon the research of Lewin et al.
When there is a good leader-member relation, a highly structured task, and high leader position power, the situation is considered a "favorable situation".
Group members with leaders in a positive mood experience more positive mood than do group members with leaders in a negative mood.
The uses of fire break down into 5 categories: In contrast to the Fiedler contingency modelthe path-goal model states that the four leadership behaviors are fluid, and that leaders can adopt any of the four depending on what the situation demands.
Sun-Tzu as well cautions the general: One of the two earliest dynasties, the Shang and the Chou employed political intrigue to destroy all of their foes. In this example, praise the stimulus is a positive reinforcer for this employee because the employee arrives at work on time the behavior more frequently after being praised for showing up to work on time.
Where the operational level is concerned, Sun-Tzu puts forth many principles on the operational and political level. Integrated psychological theory[ edit ] Main article: When comparing the relative strengths of the offense and defensive positions, Sun-Tzu maintains that the defensive is the stronger position: Public expressions of mood impact how group members think and act.
Research shows the in-group members usually receive higher performance evaluations from the leader, higher satisfaction, and faster promotions than out-group members. Leaders shape workplace affective events. Leader—member exchange theory[ edit ] Main article:Despite the fact that there is not much known about Sun Tzu today other than his writings, in this essay, I intend to extract his essence from his treatise to prove he was a visionary leader.
[tags: chinese history, ethical leaders]. Sun Tzu – The Art of War Essay Sample A mysterious Chinese warrior philosopher compiled this book over 2, years ago.
It was translated into English by an author named, Thomas Cleary, who holds a PhD in East Asian Languages and Civilizations from Harvard University. Applications of the Art of War to Leadership This was an essay I did for Psychology.
To put all of this into a different context, I will refer to the basic rules of Sun Tzu's Art of War. /5(7). Sun Tzu describes five major qualities/traits of an effective leader which in turn describes the character of an individual.
Leadership is a matter of intelligence. May 23, · There was perhaps no greater strategist and tactician than Chinese military general Sun Tzu.
Here are his 31 greatest pieces of leadership advice which you can apply as a. In fact, the leadership traits of an effective leader were described by Sun Tzu over years ago and when one adds the dimensions of the follower and the situation to the leadership equation, “the Art of War” becomes a handbook for leadership.Download